USA Racquetball Rules: 7 - Wheelchair Racquetball
In general, the USAR's standard rules governing racquetball play will be followed, except for the modifications that follow.
(a) Where USAR rules refer to server, person, body, or other similar variations, for wheelchair play such reference shall include all parts of the wheelchair in addition to the person sitting on it.
(b) Where the rules refer to feet, standing or other similar descriptions, for wheelchair play it means only where the rear wheels touch the floor.
(c) Where the rules mention body contact, for wheelchair play it shall mean any part of the wheelchair in addition to the player.
(d) Where the rules refer to double bounce or after the first bounce, it shall mean three bounces. All variations of the same phrases shall be revised accordingly.
(a) Novice Division. The Novice Division is for the beginning player who is just learning to play.
(b) Intermediate Division. The Intermediate Division is for the player who has played tournaments before and has a skill level to be competitive in the division.
(c) Open Division. The Open Division is the highest level of play and is for the advanced player.
(d) Multi-Bounce Division. The Multi-Bounce Division is for the individuals (men or women) whose mobility is such that wheelchair racquetball would be impossible if not for the Multi-Bounce Division.
(e) Junior Division. The junior divisions are for players who are under the age of 19. The Tournament Director will determine if the divisions will be played as two bounce or multi-bounce. Age divisions are: 8-11, 12-15, and 16-18.
(a) Two Bounce Rule. Two bounces are used in wheelchair racquetball in all divisions except the Multi-Bounce Division. The ball may hit the floor twice before being returned.
(b) Out-of-Chair Rule. The player can neither intentionally jump out of the chair to hit a ball nor stand up in the chair to serve the ball. If the referee determines that the chair was left intentionally, it will result in loss of the rally for the offender. If a player unintentionally leaves the chair, no penalty will be assessed. The referee will warn repeat offenders.
(c) Equipment Standards. To protect playing surfaces, the tournament officials will not allow a person to participate with black tires or anything that will mark or damage the court.
(d) Start of Serve. The serve may be started from any place within the service zone. Although the front casters may extend beyond the lines of the service zone, at no time shall the rear wheels cross either the service or short line before the served ball crosses the short line. Penalties for violation are the same as those for the standard game.
(e) Maintenance Delay. A maintenance delay is a delay in the progress of a match due to a malfunction of a wheelchair, prosthesis, or assistive device. Such delay must be requested by the player, granted by the referee during the match, and shall not exceed 5 minutes. Only two such delays may be granted for each player for each match. After using both maintenance delays, the player has the following options
(i) continue play with the defective equipment,
(ii) immediately substitute replacement equipment, or
(iii) postpone the game, with the approval of the referee and opponent.
(a) The ball may bounce as many times as the receiver wants though the player may swing only once to return the ball to the front wall.
(b) The ball must be hit before it crosses the short line on its way back to the front wall. (c) The receiver cannot cross the short line after the ball contacts the back wall.